Tuesday, 6 October 2015


Answer this tricky question.
Find question at http://trickysawaal.blogspot.in/

Wednesday, 20 May 2015

Rare Pics

Nathuram Godse in inset
First Indian Cricket Team
Actress: Madhubala
Sarla Thakral: Sarla Thakral Was Only 21 Year Old When She Became The First Indian Woman To Earn A Pilot License (1936)
Subhash Chandra bose with Parents
Indira Gandhi and Jwaharlal Nehru and Charlie Chaplin in between.
Mumbai in 1950
Our President; APJ Abdul Kalam
Our Present PM: Narendra Modi
Jwaharlal Nehru & Great Scientist Albert Einstein
Phoolan Devi
Two great Personalities: Subhash Chandra Bose & Hitler.
Anna Hazare as Army man.
MS Dhoni
Dr. Radhakrishnan & Rabindranath Tagore.
Mahatma Gandhi 
Chandrashekhar Azad
Rolls Royce Store in Mumbai
Last Arrest of Subhash Chandra Bose by Britishers
President Rajendra Prasad
Kapil Dev, Shahrukh Khan & Sohail Khan
Ooty in 1880
Swami Vivekananda Ji
Rabindra Nath Tagore & Albert Einstein
Great Musician: AR Rehman
3 Decades before our President: Pranab Mukherjee

Monday, 23 February 2015

Finally AAP ki Delhi.

"Tsunami is mightier than a wave" , this is what Delhi elections 2015 has proved. Modi wave overruled by Kejriwal Tsunami. The Arvind Kejriwal-led Aam Aadmi Party on Tuesday swept to power with 67 seats in the 70-member Delhi Assembly, leaving only three to the Bharatiya Janata Party and nil to the Congress.

The Congress had been in power for three consecutive terms in the State until 2013 and the BJP had won all seven Lok Sabha seats in May 2014.
After consecutive wins for the BJP in Assembly polls across the country in 2014, Tuesday’s defeat was the first electoral setback for Narendra Modi since he became the Prime Minister in May last year.
Mr. Modi called and congratulated Mr. Kejriwal and later tweeted: “Spoke to Arvind Kejriwal and congratulated him on the win. Assured him Centre’s complete support in the development of Delhi.”
BJP’s chief ministerial candidate Kiran Bedi lost in Krishna Nagar, a seat won by Union Minister Harsh Vardhan five times in a row from 1993 to 2013.
Mr. Kejriwal will be sworn in as the Chief Minister on February 14, exactly a year after he quit the post after 49 days in power in February 2014.
Addressing party workers outside the party office after the verdict, Mr. Kejriwal underlined that the BJP has been routed due to its ‘arrogance.’
Mr. Kejriwal said: “It’s very scary, the kind of support that the people of Delhi have given us. I would like to tell all workers and MLAs, don’t be arrogant, else five years later we will be where the BJP and the Congress are today.”
At 32.2 per cent votes, the BJP managed to roughly retain its vote share of 2013, but Congress voters appear to have shifted to the AAP. The Congress share dropped from 24.55 per cent in 2013 to 9.7 per cent, even as the AAP’s share increased from 29.49 per cent in 2013 to 54.3 per cent.
The AAP’s campaign in the months leading up to the polls focussed primarily on ridding the system of corruption, lowering water and power bills, women’s security and transforming Delhi into a world-class city by bringing in structural reforms enumerated through the series termed ‘Delhi Dialogue’ conducted by the party.
On the other hand, the BJP released a Vision Document, instead of a poll manifesto, in the last leg of the high-decibel campaigning, which turned unsavoury on several occasions. The BJP’s campaign had Mr. Modi as its mascot after its strategy to project Ms. Bedi as its chief ministerial candidate flopped.
The party pulled out all the stops to counter Mr. Kejriwal by fielding a battery of Union Ministers and its entire national leadership. “Chalo Chalen Modi Ke Saath” was the main slogan of the party. The simmering discontent in the party ever since Ms. Bedi’s sudden arrival on the scene came out in the open after the party’s rout.
Ms. Bedi, who has been maintaining that she would take “full responsibility” for the results, said after the verdict: “I have not lost. Let the BJP assess, they are a national cadre-based party, I have not lost, I gave my very best.”
Failing to score a single seat, the crisis in the Congress deepened. Party campaign committee head Ajay Maken resigned, accepting responsibility but that alone is unlikely to insulate party vice-president Rahul Gandhi from the fallout.

Thursday, 27 November 2014


Come Jan. 26 next year, Barack Obama will become the first U.S. president to shatter a symbolic taboo: inviting an American as chief guest at India’s annual Republic Day celebrations.
For Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the president’s visit will mark both a diplomatic and a political coup. It supplies a fresh burst of momentum to U.S.-India relations, raises Mr. Modi’s standing as a global leader of consequence and aligns the prime minister’s political base in a way that makes sense for both him and his party.
Mr. Obama’s trip to India will be heavy with symbolism. The sight of an American president reviewing India’s traditional Republic Day parade of military might won’t be lost on either of India’s longtime adversaries, China and Pakistan, or on its East Asian friends such as Japan. It sends the message that while India may be in a tough neighborhood, it isn’t without powerful allies.
As the first sitting U.S. president to visit India twice—the first time was in 2010—Mr. Obama will also underscore the importance the U.S. places on cultivating stronger relations with Asia’s second-most populous country. Coming on the heels of Mr. Modi’s high-profile September trip to the U.S., Mr. Obama’s visit may also spur obstreperous bureaucrats in both Washington and New Delhi to match the symbolism of U.S.-India relations with substance.
Breakthroughs in joint defense manufacturing, civilian nuclear commerce and trade carry the most promise. Mr. Modi will also hope, perhaps unrealistically, that Mr. Obama will spur fresh interest in India from private American investors.
Those who claim that India has little to gain from feting an unpopular president not known for his foreign policy chops miss the larger point. Even a wounded U.S. president remains the most powerful person on the planet. A resurgent, Republican-controlled Congress notwithstanding, Mr. Obama retains considerable leeway to shape foreign policy in his remaining two years in office.
For Mr. Modi, Mr. Obama’s visit will cap what, by any standard, has been a dramatic international coming-out party for India’s leader. As the prime minister seeks to shore up important friendships abroad and reignite economic growth at home, the visit presents an opportunity to bask a little longer in the unexpected glow of international approbation that has greeted him ever since his emphatic election victory in May.
By the end of January, barely eight months into a five-year term in office, Mr. Modi will have hosted the leaders of Australia, China, Russia and the U.S., as well as all but one (Bangladesh) of the leaders of the eight-member South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation. Add to this Mr. Modi’s trips to Australia, Brazil, Japan, Myanmar, Nepal and the U.S. and a picture emerges of a prime minister more deeply engaged with foreign policy than virtually any of his predecessors.
While the thrust of Mr. Modi’s whirlwind diplomacy has been economics—his major trips abroad invariably include time spent selling India to investors—they also serve an important political purpose at home. By flaunting his international acceptability to voters back home, Mr. Modi has effectively robbed his political opponents of a cudgel they long used to beat him.
Inundated with images of Mr. Modi bear-hugging Shinzo Abe, strolling beside Mr. Obama at Washington’s Martin Luther King Jr. memorial, or taking a selfie with Australia’s Tony Abbott, the prime minister’s critics can no longer argue that he is an international pariah. In 2002 when Mr. Modi was chief minister of Gujarat state, about 1,000 people—three-quarters of them Muslim—died in sectarian violence. He has long denied condoning the violence, and India’s courts have not found evidence with which to prosecute him. Now the cloud of international disfavor that has long hung over Mr. Modi has all but disappeared.
Mr. Obama’s public embrace of Mr. Modi underscores this change. For nearly a decade, the U.S. spearheaded Western opposition to the Indian leader. In 2005, the U.S. denied Mr. Modi a visa over allegations of “severe violations of religious freedom” stemming from the Gujarat riots. And it was the last major Western country to end a high-level boycott of Mr. Modi when Nancy Powell, the U.S. Ambassador to India at the time, met with Mr. Modi just months before the Indian elections this summer.
For his part, Mr. Modi has been keen to erase the stigma of past slights rather than to dwell upon them. He likely recognizes that many of his supporters—upwardly mobile youth who dream of getting ahead in a market-based economy—are also those most favorably disposed toward America. Moreover, the prime minister’s most uncompromising foes—leftists and Islamists—are also precisely those Indians most likely to blame the U.S. for all the world’s ills, both real and imagined.
For Mr. Modi, rolling out the red carpet for Mr. Obama makes sense in terms of both policy and politics. Fortunately for him, the U.S. president also sees the logic of deepening ties with India’s most powerful and popular leader in a generation.

Thursday, 6 November 2014

Re-elections in Delhi : Who will hit the bull's eye this time?

Preparing for the polls, Aam Aadmi Party chief Arvind Kejriwal today said he will focus on Delhi for the next five to 10 years and any decision on fighting elections in other states will be taken only after people's mandate in the capital. The civil servent-turned politician, who faced severe criticism for quitting as Delhi chief minister in February, said AAP was "fully ready" to take the electoral plunge and identified BJP as its main opponent.

"We are only concentrating on Delhi. As far as I am concerned, I am going to focus on Delhi for next five to 10 years," Kejriwal, who led AAP to a dream debut in the Assembly polls in December last year, said.

Noting that a strong base in the national capital was necessary for the party's growth, the 46-year-old leader said any decision on fighting elsewhere will be taken after polls in Delhi.

"Till Delhi elections, we are not fighting in any other election. After polls here, the party will decide where to fight and where not to fight," he said.

The AAP leader also strongly rejected criticism that he does not know how to govern, saying people were amazed to see the speed at which the AAP government was taking decisions and provided relief to them.

"We are very confident of our victory. People were amazed to see the speed at which our government was functioning and the kind of decisions we were taking. We are confident of coming back to power," he said.

Kejriwal, who had emerged as a mascot of an alternative brand of politics after the Assembly polls last year, said BJP has been running "propaganda" that AAP does not know how to govern.

"They say we do not know governance. I want to ask what is governance. In the last 65 years, BJP have been in power in so many states. Can you name a single state where corruption had come down substantially? Congress has been in governance for 65 years at the Centre and in states, they could not contain corruption. We did it in 49 days. We know governance. They do not," he said.

Kejriwal said BJP's decision not to project a chief ministerial candidate reflected the party's lack of confidence in facing the electorate and said people will reject it in the polls.

"BJP has done nothing for the city. It could not contain price rise. Congress could not contain price rise. But we had controlled it," he said.

Kejriwal said Congress will not be able to put up a strong fight in the polls. "The fight will be between AAP and BJP."

On recent clashes in various parts of the city, the AAP Chief, without naming any party, said, "A trend of instigating riots ahead of elections has emerged."

Asked whether Narendra Modi capitalized on the issue of corruption in the Lok Sabha polls though he and Anna Hazare made it a national issue, Kejriwal evaded a direct reply but said the Prime Minister has not been able to contain graft so far.

"He (Modi) has his own style. I have my own. If he filled the vacuum that time, we will now see what he does now. He promised that he will bring down corruption. So far he has not done anything. People have hopes. People still think he will do something. We had done it in 49 days. He is in power for around 200 days," said Kejriwal.

He said Congress had failed to play the role of a strong opposition.

"A weak opposition is bad for the country. Opposition is very weak now. We need a strong opposition," he said.

Asked whether Congress Vice President Rahul Gandhi will be able to revive the party, Kejriwal said, "That is for Cong to decide."

On whether Congress will be able to come out of the current situation, Kejriwal said, "It is their internal matter. They will have to sort it out."


Thursday, 30 October 2014

Birth Anniversary of Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel "Iron Man of India" Celebrated in India.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid rich tribute to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel on Friday, on the occasion of his birth anniversary, calling him the 'architect of Modern India.
He flagged off the 'Run for Unity' in Delhi, joined by hundreds of citizens, especially students, who ran from Vijay Chowk to India Gate. 
"Through his skill, vision and Rashtra Bhakti, Sardar Patel integrated the nation. We can never forget his contribution," Modi said on Friday, which the government has termed the Rashtriya Ekta Divas (National Day of Unity).The Modi government has also planned to build the Statue of Unity on Sardar Patel, which will be erected in four years and will be the tallest in the world. 

"Our culture and legacy is of 'unity in diversity'. Let us rise over differences of creed, community, and language," Modi said. "Sardar Patel joined Mahatma Gandhi and integrated the farmers in the freedom struggle," he said.
Modi also invoked former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on the occasion of her death anniversary. Congress President Sonia Gandhi and vice-president Rahul Gandhi paid a tribute to Gandhi.

Sunday, 5 October 2014

What exactly Mr. Modi has done till now?

1. Minimum Government, Maximum Governance- The current Indian government has just about 23 Cabinet Ministers and 23 Ministers of State. The previous Government had about 71 ministers. Now, that's 35% less than that of UPA. Now each minister has his share of perks and facilities. Imagine the amount of Tax Payers' money being saved by just reducing the government size. 

2. A new ministry for skilled development and Entrepreneurs:
As recently said by Modi, 65% of the population is below 35 i.e. the working population. Now if we want to increase employment or create more job seeking opportunities, we need entrepreneurs. Also for the 65% population to work to their full potential, they need skill- development. We can't say what role will actually the ministry play in this but will just have to wait and watch. 

3. Strong Message to Pakistan over Terrorism:
India and Pakistan were to conduct a bilateral foreign Secretary level talks in mid-August. However, the constant interference of the Pakistan High commission in the politics of kashmir forced India to call off the talks. Also, the Army posted at Indo-Pak Borders was given the full authority and power to revert to any attack coming their way.( Ceasefire violations).
Mr.Modi also addressed the issue of Terrorism over an international platform like UN.

4. Foreign Investments:
Mr.Modi's recent visit to Japan brought in 35 Billion $ as investment in India over a period of Five years. Also, Japan promised to contribute towards bullet trains in India. The "Make In India" pitch bye Modi too gained Momentum in Japan with Japanese manufacturers interested in investing in India.

5. India's Uranium deal with Australia:
Australia is set to sign a Nuclear Power deal with India soon to supply around 500 tonnes of Uranium to India. India's power worries will be eliminated once the deal is signed and implemented with safer nuclear plants providing safer nuclear power.

6. A line of Top executives visiting India over investment.
Many executives like,
1.Satya Nadella (Microsoft)
2. Indra Nooyi( Pepsico)
3.Sheryl Sandberg (Facebook)

have visited India and met Modi to discuss further developments about their respective firms and how could they contribute to the development of India in technology as well as other sectors.

Mark Zuckerburg is set to visit India and meet the PM on October 8-9.

7. Modi's " Clean India initiative":
Mr. Modi announced to build toilets for girls in his Independence Day Speech and promote cleanliness in India. Soon, TCS and Bharti pledged Rs. 100 crore each to develop girl toilets throughout the nation.

8. Make in India campaign:

Mr. Modi's new campaign to encourage International companies to make in India. It will boost the employment scenario and may also make India a pioneer in the manufacturing sector. Also not to forget the amount of International currency it will add to India's economy.

Wednesday, 24 September 2014

INDIA's Maiden Mission to MARS.

no alt
After a journey of over 10 months, India’s Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) arrived at Mars on Wednesday, 24 September 2014 – following an insertion burn that was confirmed at 7:30am India Standard Time (02:00 UTC; 20:00 EDT in the U.S. on Tuesday, 23 Sept.) – to continue what has so far been a successful technology demonstration mission to showcase India’s entry in the realm of interplanetary research. 
Mars Orbiter Mission history:
Beginning as a feasibility study in 2010, the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) was green lit by the Indian government on 3 August 2012 following completion of a $21 million series of studies surrounding the mission.
Z6With approval and appropriations in hand, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) undertook an expedited 15 month construction process on the spacecraft, aiming for a target launch date of 28 October 2013.
The launch date was calculated to meet the trans-Mars injection requirements needed to place MOM into the correct heliocentric Mars transfer orbit.
These calculations included the location of the launch facility in India, the desired orbital insertion parameters at Mars, and the orbital positions of Earth and Mars vs. the location where Mars would be at the time of MOM’s arrival.
Construction on MOM was successfully completed on schedule on 2 October 2013, and the spacecraft was shipped to its launch site in Sriharikota.
2014-09-23 21_52_40-India MOM PSLV - Google SearchThere, MOM was integrated on top of its PSLV-XL (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) rocket – which had been under assembly since 5 August.
The use of the PSLV-XL rocket was a change from the original mission proposal which called for the use of the more-powerful Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV).
However, the GSLV had failed twice in 2010, and a fix to the root cause of the issue was not available by the time MOM needed to launch in October 2013.
Not wanting to delay the mission until 2016 (when the next Mars launch window would open), the ISRO decided to put MOM atop the less-powerful PSLV rocket in its XL variant – six stretched solid rocket motors using 12 tons of solid propellant instead of the 9 tons used in the standard PSLV variant.

Rather, the craft would have to launch into Earth orbit and then perform a series of orbit raising maneuvers designed to increasingly raise the its apogee while using Earth’s gravity to sling-shot it into the correct Mars transfer orbit.The switch in launch vehicle, however, meant that MOM could no longer be launched directly into a Mars transfer orbit.
As launch preparations continued, MOM’s launch date was realigned from 28 October to 5 November 2013 because of the delayed arrival of a necessary telemetry ship at the Fiji Islands.
2014-09-23 21_51_12-ISRO MOM Launch - Google SearchOn 5 November 2013, the MOM mission lifted off right on time at 09:08 UTC from First Launch Pad at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre. Over the next 42 minutes, the PSLV-XL inserted MOM into Earth orbit, a process completed at 09:50 UTC.
With MOM’s successful launch, India began its first interplanetary mission.
The day following launch, a series of four planned orbit raising maneuvers began, controlled by spacecraft engineers from the Spacecraft Control Center at ISRO’s telemetry, tracking and command network in Peenya, Bangalore.
Z5Of the four planned maneuvers, the first was a 416 second firing of the spacecraft’s liquid engine, the second a 570.6 second burn, and the third a 707 seconds burn.
At this point, MOM’s apogee was 71,636 km.
During the fourth burn, an under burn prevented the spacecraft’s apogee from reaching the planned 100,000 km. Instead, MOM was in a 78,276 km apogee orbit.
The resulting under burn mandated the addition of a fifth and sixth orbit raising maneuver to boost the spacecraft to an apogee of 192,874 km.
With the needed apogee achieved, spaceflight controllers initiated a 23 minute engine firing maneuver on 30 November 2013 at 19:19 UTC to place MOM into a heliocentric transfer orbit to the red planet.

Cruise to Mars: 
Since leaving Earth orbit, a total of three trajectory course maneuvers have been performed to ensure that MOM is aligned into the proper trajectory for Martian arrival.
On 22 September at 09:00 UTC, spacecraft controllers successfully fired the 440N liquid apogee motor for 3.9 seconds.

The test firing confirmed the engine’s viability for planned orbital insertion operations 41 hours later.
Mars Orbital Insertion:
As MOM approached Mars for orbital insertion, the spacecraft reoriented itself to align its thrust vector with the craft’s line of travel.
2014-09-23 22_01_44-India MOM PSLV - Google SearchOnce in the proper orientation, MOM, already under the influence of Mars’ gravity, passed into the shadow of Mars.
This entry into the Martian shadow occurred five minutes before the start of the Mars Orbit Insertion (MOI) burn.
As the MOI burn began, MOM’s main liquid engine and eight smaller thrusters fired to begin reducing the vehicle’s velocity by 1,098.7 m/s.
As this burn began, the spacecraft moved behind Mars as viewed from the telemetry and tracking stations on Earth, thereby severing the radio communications link between the spacecraft and ground controllers.
The duration of the mission-critical MOI burn occured while communications with the spacecraft were blocked.
After the MOI burn:
Once the MOI burn was completed, the spacecraft began reorienting itself to point its main communications antenna toward the location where Earth will be when the spacecraft emerged from the communications blackout period.
Z9With MOI burn successfully accomplished, MOM, at 07:30 IST (02:00 UTC; and 20:00 EDT on 23 Sept.), entered a highly elliptical orbit around the red planet.
This elliptical orbit will give MOM an orbital characteristic of 80,000 x 423 km and an orbital period of 75.8 Earth hours.
Once a stable orbit is achieved, the bulk of the mission’s primary objectives will be realized.
Stemming from the notion that this is a technology demonstration flight, the core concepts of the Mars Orbiter Mission are, according to ISRO: the design and realization of a Mars orbiter with a capability to preform Earth-bound maneuvers, cruise phase of 300 days, Mars orbit insertion/capture, and on-orbit phase operations at Mars.
Furthermore, the mission is designed to demonstrate India’s capability to perform deep space communication, navigation, mission planning, and management; and incorporate autonomous features to categorize and handle contingency situations.
2014-09-23 22_45_49-mars_orbiter_1385531570_540x540.jpg (540×583)In fact, so much is this mission one of technical demonstration that actual scientific observation of Mars is listed as a secondary objective.
Nonetheless, if all goes according to plan, once MOM enters orbit of Mars, the secondary mission objectives will be realized, too, with MOM exploring the Martian morphology, surface features, mineralogy, and atmosphere.
In fact, there is even the added benefit of working, after the fact, with NASA’s newly arrived MAVEN spacecraft in a post-data collection sharing of the information recorded by both spacecraft over the same period of time.
In all, the mission has already demonstrated India’s ability to perform in deep space; even more so, with orbital insertion of MOM achieved, India became only the fourth nation/space program to reach Mars (behind the former Soviet Union, NASA, and the European Space Agency).


Thursday, 18 September 2014

Do you know the Salary of Prime Minister of India?

  • Prime Minister- designate Narendra Modi will draw per month salary of Rs 1.6 lakh, once he officially takes the oath as the next PM on May 16, Friday. According to a CNN IBN report, his basic salary will be Rs 50,000, with a sumptuary allowance of Rs 3,000, a daily allowance of Rs 62,000, and constituency allowance of Rs 45,000. As per an RTI query in 2013 regarding Indian prime minister's salary, it was revealed that the PM also receives perks like personal staff, special jet, government residence, and much more. According to the SPG Act, India's Prime Minister and members of his immediate family are provided security cover by the elite commando group who are specially trained in VIP security.
  • According to one source the salaries withdrawn by some VIP's are as below:

  • Narendra Modi - Prime Minister of India - Born: 1950 Vadnagar, India - Children: 0
    • Annual: INR 1,920,000.00
    • Monthly: INR 160,000.00
    • Weekly: INR 38,400.00
    • Daily: INR 7,680.00
  • Pranab Mukherjee - President of India - Born: 1935 India - Married - Children: 3
    • Annual: INR 1,800,000.00
    • Monthly: INR 150,000.00
    • Weekly: INR 36,000.00
    • Daily: INR 7,200.00
  • Barack Obama - President US - Born: USA 1961 - Married - Children: 2
    • Annual: INR 23,345,662.00
    • Monthly: INR 1,945,472.00
    • Weekly: INR 466,913.00
    • Daily: INR 93,383.00
  • Vladimir Poetin - President of Russia - Born: 1952 Russia - Children: 2 Divorced
    • Annual: INR 16,572,161.00
    • Monthly: INR 1,381,013.00
    • Weekly: INR 331,443.00
    • Daily: INR 66,289.00
  • Angela Merkel - Chancellor - Born: Germany 1954 - Married - Children: 0
    • Annual: INR 23,310,200.00
    • Monthly: INR 1,942,517.00
    • Weekly: INR 466,204.00
    • Daily: INR 93,241.00
  • Xi Jinping - President of People's Republic of China Born: 1953 China - Married - Children: 1
    • Annual: INR 2,347,569.00
    • Monthly: INR 195,631.00
    • Weekly: INR 46,951.00
    • Daily: INR 9,390.00

  • Hillary Clinton - Public Speaker, former United States Secretary of State - Born: 1947 USA - Married - Children: 1
    • Annual: INR 295,514,706.00
    • Monthly: INR 24,626,225.00
    • Weekly: INR 5,910,294.00
    • Daily: INR 1,182,059.00